|Current terrain map. Ridge of Snake Hill extends down to encampment. ©2016 Google|
Snake Hill rises 700 feet above the Hudson River. It drops off precipitously to the east, giving unobstructed views of the Hudson River, the cities of Newburgh and New Windsor, Storm King Mountain to the south and the mountains of Beacon and Breakneck to the east.
|View from Snake Hill to southeast. Hudson River flows around Storm King mountain.|
A small parking area off Union Ave leads up a gated road to the overviews.
|Signage at gated road to Snake Hill off Union Avenue.|
|Same view as above, but on a rainy fall day.|
|View east to Beacon.|
With these panoramas as a backdrop, Corporal Andrew Campbell received a certificate signed by Colonel Van Cortlandt, Major (Nicholas) Fish, and General George Washington. He also ”at the same time received the badge of merit, being a stitch of worsted – brown and yellow- which he wore on his left arm three years.” The Badge of Merit was a recognition of long service. The award was a chevron, one for every three years of service, worn on the left sleeve. Its colors matched the facings of the recipient's corps, meaning that Andrew sported a brown coat faced with yellow. The colors of the Second Regiment's uniform may have evolved over time, mainly due to the availability of fabric of a particular color. At the regiment's provincial creation, it appeared to wear blue coats faced in red. The 1781 depiction, as the regiment would have appeared at the Battle of Yorktown (shown below), is brown faced with green. [the source is from signage on the Rochambeau Trail in Greenburgh, NY]. Whatever the colors, Andrew received two chevrons, now lost to history.
|Depiction of private in Second New York Regiment in 1781.|
Andrew's certificate is recreated below based on surviving certificates.
Andrew Campbell, Corporal
J. Trumbull Jun[Washington’s secretary]
Andrew placed the certificate in the hands of Samuel Patterson of Livingston Manor, New York for safe keeping. Unfortunately, the house burned, and another priceless family heirloom was lost.