Coldengham, New York
Store of Cadwallader Colden, Jr.
Adam Newkirk purchased a variety of items at the Colden Store on this day, 250 years-ago. The items included gun powder and shot, salt and pepper, cotton, nails, and two combs.
|J. Newkirk Home (underlined in red) on 1798 Map of Montgomery, New York.|
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This article is one in a series of a daily accountings of Colden Store transactions. Be sure you read the first installment for an introduction to the store. You should also read this article which appeared in the Journal of the Orange County Historical Society.
According to the DayBook, the store only saw activity on two days during this week, 250 years ago. Was this a trend leading up to the closure of the store in November 1768? Or was Colden in New York on another procurement trip?
The Newkirk surname appeared eleven times in the Day Book with Adam Newkirk accounting for seven of those. Constable Johannes Newkirk appeared twice and Jacob and John Junr appeared once each.
Four Newkirks were enumerated in the 1779 tax assessment for Hanover. They included Adam (80 acres), Jacob (referred to as Colonel - his office in the local militia; 120 acres), Johannis (120), and Henery (210).
Jacob was a Captain in the French and Indian War under Colonel Thomas Ellison (Headley, History of Orange County). He was commissioned as a Major in the local militia at the start of the Revolutionary War. At the Battle of the Highland Forts on October 6, 1777, he was ordered to send fifty men from the Second Regiment of Ulster Militia across the Hudson River from Fort Montgomery to act as lookouts. This was the regiment that contained many of the men of Hanover including Joel Campbell's (eponym of this blog) brothers, Jonathan, Levi, and Samuel. The regiment's colonel was taken captive at that battle, after which Newkirk acted as the regimental commander. Jacob Newkirk was promoted to Lt. Colonel of the militia by 1780 and led many militia parties in defense of the settlers west of Ulster who were targets of marauding Indian and Tories.
The J. Newkirk home appeared on the 1798 map of Montgomery and sat on the West side of the Wallkill River south of the German Church (see map above).
From public genealogies it appears that Constable Johannes (b. abt 1700) was the father of Adam, Jacob, John, and Henry.
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